Besides the graduate schools, doctoral students at the University of Bern also have the option to take a structured doctorate as part of
- a TP1 doctoral program
- a CUSO doctoral program (programs of the Conférence universitaire de Suisse occidentale (Association of Universities in Western Switzerland)
TP1 and CUSO doctoral programs are organized on an interuniversity basis and are particularly concerned with promoting academic exchanges involving doctoral students. As with the graduate schools, the doctorate in these programs involves certain mandatory curricular components in addition to drafting a dissertation. Unlike the graduate schools, TP1 and CUSO doctoral programs tend not to relate to specific subjects at the University of Bern and are mostly less formalized.